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透过表象寻本质 Searching for essence through representation

2021-06-10 21:32 次浏览
二战期间,为了加强对战斗机的防护,英美军队调查了作战后幸存飞机上的弹痕分布,认为应该在机身中弹多的地方加强防护,但一位专家提出了不同的见解,我们应该防护中弹少的地方,因为如果那些地方中弹,飞机很难有机会返航,而中弹少的地方的数据往往会被人们忽略。事实证明,专家是正确的。
During World War II, in order to strengthen the protection of fighter planes, the British and American military investigated the distribution of bullet marks on the surviving planes after the war and thought that the protection should be strengthened in the places where the fuselage was hit by more bullets. However, an expert put forward a different opinion that we should protect the places where the fuselage was hit less, because if those places were hit by bullets, the planes would hardly have a chance to return, And the data of the places with less bullets are often ignored. It turns out that the experts are right.
从中我们不难看出,大多数人的思想只是简单的认为敌人打我们哪,我们就应该防护哪,这显然是缺乏理性分析的。我们只是简单的看见了问题的表象,而忘却了防护工作的真实目的——保护战斗机最重要的部分。透过问题看本质。让我们来仔细分析一下这个问题,能够在炮雨中幸存返航的战斗机,重要的不是它挨弹最多的地方,而是那些能够让它坚持返航的地方,它们才是战斗机最重要的地方,它们才是战斗机的核心,能够保证战斗机正常运行,安全返航。所以,在面对问题时,我们应该透过问题看本质,明晰目的,从而才能正确的看待问题,解决问题。
It is not difficult for us to see that most people simply think that where the enemy strikes us, we should defend. This is obviously a lack of rational analysis. We simply see the surface of the problem, and forget the real purpose of the protection work - the most important part of the protection of fighters. See the essence through the problem. Let's analyze this problem carefully. The most important thing for a fighter that can survive and return in the artillery rain is not where it gets the most bullets, but where it can insist on returning. They are the most important part of the fighter, and they are the core of the fighter, which can ensure the normal operation and safe return of the fighter. Therefore, in the face of problems, we should see the essence through problems and clarify the purpose, so as to correctly look at problems and solve problems.
在历史的研究方面中,透过问题看本质的思想是历史学家所必备的。在《现代化新论》一书中指出在两次鸦片战争对清政府的最大思想震动是认识了西方国家的“船坚炮利”,并且借助洋枪洋炮和洋兵镇压太平天国革命的新经验则给中国的官绅人士提供了实际体验,从而有了“以商治夷”转变为“师夷长技以治夷”思想变革。但清政府,官僚人士们只是看到了西方国家先进的科学技术,便想用“中体西用”改造中国,但他们没有看到更加深层次的根本原因——腐朽没落的封建主义不能抵抗新兴的资本主义,是封建统治者的腐朽导致了中国的衰败。
In the study of history, it is necessary for historians to see the essence through questions. In the book "new treatise on modernization", it is pointed out that the greatest ideological shock to the Qing government during the two Opium Wars was the recognition of the "strong ship and powerful artillery" of western countries, and the new experience of suppressing the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom revolution with the help of foreign guns and guns and foreign soldiers provided practical experience for Chinese officials and gentry, which led to the ideological change of "ruling the barbarians by business" to "ruling the barbarians by learning from the barbarians and improving their skills". However, the Qing government and bureaucrats only saw the advanced science and technology of western countries and wanted to transform China with "Chinese style and Western style", but they did not see the deeper root cause - the decadent feudalism could not resist the emerging capitalism. It was the decadence of feudal rulers that led to the decline of China.
在科学的发展过程中,透过问题看本质的思想在数学家中更能被表现。《模仿游戏》讲述的是在二战期间,盟军苦于德国的秘密系统”英格玛“无法破译,政府召集了一批民间数学家、逻辑学家进行秘密破解工作,他们都只是在不停的计算为了解开日日更新的密码,即使具有超强计算能力的人也比不上数据更新的进度,但艾伦图灵却透过计算破解密码看到问题的本质,发明了破译密码的计算机,从而帮助了盟军取得了二战的胜利。
In the process of scientific development, the idea of seeing essence through problems can be more expressed among mathematicians《 Imitation game tells that during World War II, the Allied forces suffered from the failure of the German secret system "Ingmar" to decipher. The government called a group of folk mathematicians and logicians to decipher the secret. They were just calculating. In order to decipher the password that was updated day by day, even people with super computing power could not match the progress of data update, But Alan Turing saw the essence of the problem by calculating and cracking the code, and invented a computer to crack the code, which helped the Allies win the Second World War.
所以在面对问题时,我们应该抓住重点,明晰目的,透过问题的表象去寻找真正的本质所在,才能正确的看待问题,解决问题。
So in the face of problems, we should grasp the key points, clear the purpose, through the appearance of the problem to find the real essence, in order to correctly look at the problem and solve the problem.
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